Now currently about 7.7 million Americans count on monthly government checks through a program for low-income seniors or people with disabilities. Supplemental Security Income, or SSI, as it’s known, provided an average benefit of $569 per month as of November. And one big change, updating the program’s rules around income from work, could help aim to improve those beneficiaries’ standard of living, according to a report from the Urban Institute.
The maximum SSI benefit in 2022 is $841 per month, up from $794 in 2021.Still, most SSI beneficiaries are within 150% of the federal poverty level. For a family of one, that’s $1,147 per month in 2022. In addition, many people who receive SSI benefits are unable to work. Only a small percentage of recipients of those government checks are employed at any given time. And when they do work, they are held to strict rules around how much they can make. Beneficiaries can have up to $20 in unearned income per month, and their first $65 in earnings are exempt from the program’s rules. But beyond that threshold, their SSI benefits will be reduced by 50 cents for every dollar of income.
If that sounds low, that is because those thresholds have been unchanged since Congress created the program back in 1972. At the time, it was not common to index benefits to inflation. Social Security disability and retirement benefits had just started to be adjusted for those annual changes. However, if SSI’s income thresholds had been set to grow with inflation from the beginning, they would be more than five times larger today. The general income threshold would be $128, up from $20. Moreover, the earned income threshold would be $416 per month, rather than $65. Moving the $65 earned income threshold to the fully indexed level would cost the government about $1.1 billion per year. In 2019, the government spent $56 billion to provide SSI benefits to 7.9 million beneficiaries. Some of those SSI beneficiaries also collect disability benefits through Social Security. However, their income is still subject to those SSI rules.
According to Jack Smalligan, senior policy fellow at the Urban Institute, “any changes to the income rules would be targeted to people who are trying to work and are very poor. It could enable SSI beneficiaries who can work to achieve two things: it allows them to keep their benefits and it aids to push their income as far as possible above the poverty level, within the boundaries of what the benefit can allowably provide”. Now the Supplemental Security Income Restoration Act, which was introduced by Democratic Senator Sherrod Brown of Ohio, last year, proposed changes to both the income and asset restrictions. And it also sought to bring the monthly benefit up to 100% of the federal poverty level and index them to inflation. While lawmakers pushed to include changes to the SSI program in Democrats’ Build Back Better package that was up for consideration earlier this year, that legislation has since stalled. Which now brings us to the question of will Congress be possibly going back and looking at the SSI Restoration Act of 2021 and plotting a 2022 version? At this point we will have to wait and see what new bills are being drawn up by various politicians across the US.